1. What is Agile ? List some Agile frameworks you have used until now .
Agile is a methodology that promotes continuous development and testing throughout a plan. It encourages rapid and compromising reception to any change. Some normally used Agile frameworks include Kanban, Lean Development, Scrum and SAFe .
2. How do Agile and SAFe Frameworks differ ? What are the four kernel values of SAFe ?
Agile is a broad terminus that covers several frameworks, out of which matchless is SAFe. This model, established by Dean Leffingwell, is specifically for large-scale enterprise projects as it scales up other models like Scrum to an enterprise level. It is based on three fundamental principles : Agile Development, Lean Product Development and Systems Thinking. The four core values of SAFe are:
- Alignment – Keeping pace with the rapid changes
- Built-in quality – Every element must be up to the quality standards
- Transparency – Trust and reliability
- Program Execution – Deliver continuously and efficiently
3. What are the respective dimensions of built-in quality ?
Built-in quality has five dimensions:
- Architecture and Design Quality
- Code Quality
- System Quality
- Release Quality
4. What are the different levels of SAFe ?
The four levels in version 4.5 of SAFe are:
- Team: Involves a small Agile team of 5-10 people to deliver a working system in two weeks
- Program: Multiple teams (100-125 people) work together, including other stakeholders; this is called the Agile Release Train (ART)
- Value Stream: At this stage, there is a collaboration between the solutions architect and the value stream engineer, who acts as a guide
- Portfolio: This is a collection of value streams. Portfolio managers are responsible for delivering business results.
5. What are the core competencies in the latest version of SAFe (v 5.0)?
SAFe 5.0 was launched in January 2020 and has seven core competencies revolving around customer-centricity. They are:
- Enterprise solution delivery
- Agile product delivery
- Team and technical agility
- Lean-Agile leadership
- Lean portfolio management
- Continuous learning curve
- Organisational agility
6. What metrics are used in SAFe ?
Metrics are pre-decided parameters which are used to measure how well an organization is performing and progressing to achieve its objectives. In SAFe, four metrics are considered :
- Large solution
7. What is a Value Stream in SAFe ?
Value Stream is a collective term for all the steps involved from the time of customer order to the time of rescue. It includes the people who develop raw solutions and engineering and the continuous flow of data or materials to the customer. The steps involving people who deliver come under “ operational value streams ” while the steps involving the people who develop the products come under “ development rate stream ” .
8. What is the character of a Release Train Engineer ( RTE ) ?
The RTE is the coach of an Agile Release Train ( ART ). Their elementary responsibility is to accelerate the ART events and assist in delivering the value. RTEs must have excellent communication skills, and they are the ones who normally interact with the stakeholders adenine well .
9. What do you know about the Innovation and Planning ( IP ) iteration in SAFe ?
An essential feature of SAFe – and Agile in general – is continuous improvement. It is done through invention and design sprints. IP is besides aided by changeless learn. This way, the people get clock to innovate and explore beyond the iterations dedicated towards the delivery of the merchandise. One crucial share of IP is called PI ( Program Increment ) system show, which integrates all the developments throughout the plan .
10. What is iteration review in SAFe ?
It is a regularly occurring consequence where every team analyses the increase at the end of every iteration ( the standard fixed-length fourth dimension window ) and accordingly modifies the team ‘s backlog based on the feedback of the stakeholders and the product owner. It gives the Agile teams a chance to showcase their cultivate and for the stakeholders to monitor the build up .
11. What does “ report ” mean in the context of SAFe Agile ?
Stories are abruptly descriptions of some desired functionality and feature written in the drug user ‘s language. They are chiefly used to define system behavior in Agile. Most details are not revealed until the story is ready for implementation. Accepting stories is the responsibility of the product owner, but anyone can write a narrative .
12. What ‘s the remainder between exploiter stories and enabler stories ?
User stories are stories which deliver functionality directly to the end-user. These are normally written in elementary language that the exploiter can understand, and this terminology will besides help the Agile team appreciate what the drug user wants.
Enabler stories give an insight into the work items needed to support exploration, architecture, infrastructure and complaisance. These may never be seen by the end-user, and are frequently written in technical lyric .
13. What is an “ epic poem ” with regards to SAFe ?
An epic is typically defined at the portfolio level. It is a container for a significant solution development inaugural. The two types of epics are :
- Business epics – They are customer-facing initiatives that directly deliver business value.
- Enabler epics – They are used to develop the Architectural Runway (existing code, components, and technical infrastructure) to support future business epics. These epics typically cut across different values streams.
14. What is a feature and what is a capability ?
Both feature and capability are separate of the artifact hierarchy defined by SAFe. A feature is a overhaul that fulfils the requirement of a stakeholder. The two concepts of a feature of speech are benefit hypothesis and acceptance criteria. A capability is like to a feature but is a higher-level solution demeanor that cuts across multiple ARTs .
15. What are some disadvantages of SAFe or Agile ?
In general, any method or framework will have pros and cons, and it is good to be mindful of both to have a balance point of view. Although Agile methodology is followed across industries, it does have limitations like :
- Since Agile deals with continuous development and innovation, long-term goals are rarely set; there is considerable incoherence in long-term planning.
- In SAFe, managers are often assigned multiple projects at once, and this could make the process less efficient because of delayed responses. The actual product developers don’t have as much freedom in the SAFe model as they do in other models like Scrum.
- SAFe adopts too much of a top-down approach. The project goes in sequential order, i.e. the project development team proceeds to next stage of development only if the previous step is completed successfully – while most industries are attempting to move away from this model to more efficient ones.
16. What are the nine principles of SAFe ?
The principles of SAFe are based on Lean and Agile methods, a well as lessons learnt from enough of actual deployments .
- Take an economic view
- Apply systems thinking
- Assume variability and preserve options
- Build incrementally with integrated learning cycles
- Base milestones on objective evaluation of systems
- Visualise and limit work-in-progress, reduce batch sizes, and manage queue lengths
- Apply cadence (timing), synchronise with cross-domain planning
- Unlock the intrinsic motivation of knowledge workers
- Decentralise decision-making
recently, a tenth principle is besides stated : “ Organise around prize ” .
17. How does decentralised decision-making fit into the SAFe exemplar ?
The chief motivation behind this concept is to shorten the precede time, or in other words, the feedback serve is faster because there ‘s no check in waiting for specific higher authority to respond. eminence that the decisions which have a far-reaching shock or those which are beyond the oscilloscope of certain teams will need the intervention of a higher authority, but, by and bombastic, the time-critical decisions are decentralised. 18. What are the shared services? Does SAFe benefit from this in any way? Shared Services consists of the people, services and specialization roles needed for an ART to succeed, but which can not be devoted full-time. Shared services can improve efficiency by promptly assigning experts of an sphere of the organization that requires unique cognition, without looking for a full-time handiness .
19. What is meant by tipping point ?
An enterprise reaches its tip off point when the dominant allele organizational motivative is to achieve change preferably than resist it. The status quo becomes therefore unacceptable that making a variety is the lone way forward.
20. What does “ Release on demand ” mean ?
It is the end component of the continuous manner of speaking pipeline. It is the ability to deploy newfangled functionality and release it immediately based on customer or market demand .
This article covered some of the typical questions that are asked in a SAFe, Agile interview. Since most industries use this framework, it is substantive to know how this model would apply to that particular industry and where it falls short, so that you can voice your decisions and answers distinctly in the interview and late on the job. To understand more about the SAFe Agile check out our safe certificate .