What to Expect at Your Naturalization Interview

What the USCIS officer will say and do during your interview for naturalized U.S. citizenship.

Your naturalization appointment notice—which you will likely receive some months after submitting Form N-400 to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services ( USCIS ) —will tell you where and when to present yourself for your citizenship interview .
After you receive this notice, you have only one major hurdle left to citizenship : a successful interview with a USCIS policeman. here ‘s what to expect, and how to make sure the interview goes well .
Be certain to besides follow any measures USCIS has put into home for health and safety during the coronavirus pandemic, such as wearing a dissemble ( whether you are unvaccinated or not ) and standing six feet off from others.

Deciding Whether to Bring an Attorney

You can have a lawyer play along you to your USCIS consultation, even if you only just hired the lawyer. It does n’t matter that you ‘ve never told USCIS that you ‘ll be bringing an extra node. On the day of the interview, the lawyer should simply bridge player the USCIS military officer a form called a G-28 to show that he or she now represents you .
then the motion is, do you want a lawyer with you ? If it ‘s just because you ‘re not certain you ‘re ready for your consultation, you might do fair a well studying up on your english speech and american civics. The lawyer ca n’t stop USCIS from asking any of these questions, and ca n’t answer the questions for you. In fact, you ‘ll find that the lawyer has to sit quietly through much of the interview .
It ‘s a unlike matter if there ‘s a legal exit in your case that you do n’t know how to deal with—such as if you ‘ve spent more than a class outside the United States, have had a quarrel with the police, were quickly divorced from the spouse that got you your green circuit board, or have a disability that prevents you from being able to learn English .
then a lawyer can analyze your situation in improvement, advise whether you should go forward with your application at all ( if the problem is excessively serious, you might be risking exile ), and possibly help explain the matter to the USCIS policeman, and protect your rights .

Arriving at the USCIS Office

When you get to the USCIS agency build, you will first go through a federal security checkpoint. You might need to ask for directions to the board where the citizenship interviews take place. once there, you ‘ll need to check in with the person at the desk or window, or follow instructions for checking in with your interview notice .
then, wait for your name to be called. You might have to wait for some time, since USCIS much schedules many people for the lapp obstruct of prison term .
That does n’t mean you should show up at the last minute. Get there early enough to make sure you do n’t get lost, and to find park and make it through the security system station well in clock time for your interview. If you fail to show up on time, USCIS could decide to close your lawsuit file and you ‘d have to start over .
When it ‘s your become, a USCIS policeman will call you in to a private agency or booth where the interview will take position. The officer will normally be sitting at a work desk, and you will be given a president on the other side of the desk. Your lawyer, if you have hired one, may be stage in the position with you .
The USCIS officeholder begins the interview by asking you to raise your right hand and swear to tell the truth during the interview .

Review of Your N-400 Application

A surprise total of the naturalization interview involves the USCIS officer going over the written application and documents, particularly class N-400. The officer will use the simple inquiries on your form, such as “ Your current legal name ” and “ What is your current marital status ? ” to test your English and to confirm that the information you have given is right .
Before the interview, read over your copy of your filled-in Form N-400 cautiously. then, simulate the interview at home, for case by having an english-speaking acquaintance ask you each of the questions .

Discussion of Changes in Your Life Circumstances Since Filing Form N-400

The policeman might ask, near the begin of your consultation, “ Are there any changes to your application ? ” be prepared to provide corrections. Most changes are not a trouble .
If, for exemplar, you have had another child, be fix with the child ‘s accurate name and a imitate of the parturition certificate. Or, if you have taken a stumble outside the United States, bring a number of the exact dates and other information that the N-400 asks for regarding trips ( and, of course, make indisputable that none of those trips broke the continuity of your U.S. residence ) .
If you have changed jobs, bring a commercial enterprise calling card or employer letter showing your new employer ‘s name and address.

Two particular changes to your Form N-400 could, however, have a serious impingement on your chances of receiving U.S. citizenship :

  • If you have recently divorced the person who sponsored you for a green card.
  • If you have recently been arrested for a crime or done anything else that would cause you to change your answer to any of the “no” answers in Part 5 of the Form N-400 to “yes.”

If either of the above are dependable, it might not merely affect your eligibility for citizenship, but your correct to remain in the United States. See an immigration lawyer before going to the consultation .

Questions From the USCIS Officer

The job of the USCIS officer during the interview is to decide whether you are eligible for citizenship. The data and documents you gave when you applied could raise concerns with the officer, peculiarly if you have committed crimes or have done anything that might affect the officer ‘s public opinion about your “ moral quality. ”
furthermore, the officer might have information about you from sources early than what you provided in your application—assume that USCIS knows about everything about you ! If the officer has any questions about whether you should get citizenship, based on data you gave or information obtained from other sources, you will need to provide truthful answers at the consultation .
The worst thing you can do at a citizenship interview is to lie to the officer because you think the accuracy will hurt your chances at citizenship. even if the question is not relevant to the officer ‘s decisiveness, your citizenship can be denied on grounds that you were not truthful during the interview. If you truly do not know the answer to a question or can not remember, tell the officer that. Do not make up an answer .

Testing Your English Ability

The test of your english speak ability will begin the moment the military officer meets you. He or she will be observing your ability to follow instructions ( such as, “ Please remain standing, ” when you are sworn in ), and to answer questions .
If you do n’t understand a wonder, it ‘s all right to ask the officer to rephrase it. In fact, guessing at what the policeman is saying could get you into deeper difficulties than plainly saying, “ I ‘m good-for-nothing, would you please repeat that using different words ? ”
USCIS has instructed its officers to repeat and rephrase questions until the military officer is satisfy that you either fully understand the motion or do not understand English .
The officeholder will besides ask you to write a sentence in English, which he or she will dictate. The vocabulary will come from the list that you studied ahead of time ( provided within the Study Materials on the USCIS web site and in Becoming a U.S. Citizen, by Ilona Bray ( Nolo ) ) .
Lots of people who can pass the english trial have their citizenship denied because of misunderstandings during questioning at the interview. Make indisputable your ability to speak and understand English is hard before you apply for citizenship .

Testing Your Knowledge of U.S. Civics

In some USCIS offices, they split the interview up, by having one policeman examination you on civics angstrom well as written English, and then another one doing the actual interview. If that ‘s not the case where you are, however, the interviewing officer will simply ask you respective questions from the long list you studied, as was provided by USCIS .
The list contains 100 questions, and you will have to answer six out of ten correctly in order to pass. ( Although USCIS considered raising the total to 128 in 2021, this was late reversed. )
If you are ineffective to answer a sufficient issue of questions correctly, the interview will stop. If this was your first gear interview, you will be rescheduled for another day ( within the adjacent 90 days ) .

Interview Decision From USCIS

If all goes good at the interview, the USCIS military officer will tell you that you have been approved and might hand you a piece of newspaper containing information about your swearing-in ceremony.

In some parts of the United States, you have a choice between going to a court-run or a USCIS-run ceremony. If that ‘s the case where you are, the officer will show you the agenda and ask you to choose a date. ( Remember to choose a court ceremony if requesting a name change, as only a judge can approve this. ) Most USCIS offices will notify you about the swearing-in ceremony by mail. In any sheath, you are nowadays a mere one or two months away from attaining U.S. citizenship .
sometimes the officer can not make a decision after the interview, possibly because the officer needs you to send another document or evidence of eligibility. Or, the officer might need to get approval from a supervisory program because of some doubt about whether or not you are entitled to citizenship. Make surely you comply with any deadlines for responding to requests for more testify .
If you are denied, you should receive a piece of paper from the USCIS officer explaining the reasons. You can choose to appeal or to just reapply. Do n’t reapply, however, unless you understand why you got denied and your raw application will be different and will likely cause USCIS to approve you this time .

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